Revised [Conlang] Phonology
Xokatl Phonology (1.2)
/aw wa wi we wM wo ia ea ao io eo ai ei/
Allophony (per phoneme; X-Sampa notation)
/p/ - in proximity to fricatives, [p_h], otherwise [p]
/b/ - devoices finally to [p]
/t/ - in proximity to fricatives, [t_h], otherwise [t]
/d/ - devoices finally to [t]
/k/ - in proximity to fricatives, [k_h], otherwise [k]
/g/ - devoices finally to [k]
/m/ - no change
/n/ - in certain cases, [N]. This is noted where it occurs
/N/ - no change
/s/ - voices finally to [z]
/z/ - palatalizes to [Z]
/S/ - no change
/Z/ - no change
/tK/ - no change
/r\/ - merges into  with /l/ at syllable borders
/l/ - merges into  with /r\/ at syllable borders
/v\/ - realized as [w] in diphthongs, no graphemic difference
/i/ - Generally always realized as [i].
/e/ - Regardless of onset, if coda is non-nasal, or /N/ as coda, or isolated, [e]. With onset and either non-nasal coda or /N/ as coda, [E]. With onset and nasal (with exception of /N/) coda, [I].
/a/ - Generally always realized as [a].
/M/ - If there is no onset or coda, or a non-nasal onset or coda, [M]. If onset
is /m/ or /n/, and coda is any nasal, then [u]. Regardless of onset, and if coda is /r\/, then .
/o/ - If onset is /r\/, then . If coda is /tK/, then [a]. In all other cases [o].
Onset and Coda are both optional, Nucleus is always a vowel.
((C)(/r\/, /l/, /v\/))+V+(V)+((C)(/mp/, /nk/, /tK/, /N/)(C))
/N/ and /tK/ disallowed initially. If initial consonant isnít /m/, /n/, /s/, /z/, /r/, /l/, or /v\/, then /r/, /l/, or /v\/ can follow. Vowel, diphthong, or double vowel can follow (if /v\/ is part of the onset, the subsequent vowel is diphthongized with it). The coda can be either any consonant by itself, clusters /mp/, /nk/ (realized [Nk]), or plosives followed by fricatives (or vice versa).
In monosyllabic words, there is no stress. Polysyllabic words in isolation feature stress in the final syllable, realized as a lengthened vowel (/:/). When in a longer phrase, only the final syllable of the phrase features this stress.
/i e a M o/
<i e a u o>
/p b t d k g m n N s z S Z tK v\ r\ l/
<p b t d k g m n Ů s z x zh tl w r l>
Summary of revisions for version 1.2
1. Re-revised diphthongs.
2. Re-revised stress rule.
Summary of revisions
1. Removal of /I/.
2. Changed /u/ to /M/.
3. Revised diphthongs.
4. Revised allophony for both consonants, and extensively for vowels.
5. Revised syllable structure.
6. Revised stress rule.
7. Added Romanized Orthography.
This site was last updated 12/28/09